Click here to take the Chapt. 9 Quiz Online

Click here for a copy of the Chapter 9 Study Guide

This chapter (pp.180-211)

This chapter does two things; it reviews some of the most important compositional concepts that we've covered this semester, and it discusses how photographers infuse their images with expressive meaning. I would encourage you to read this entire chapter carefully and challenge yourself to take some pictures applying the things you learn about, whether you're working on the new shooting assignments, trying to compile your final portfolio, or just fooling around with your camera.

Final Exam

Lucas will need to take the quiz for chapter 9 on Friday the 13th, Mak & Mad can wait until the 19th, but are welcome to take it anytime after the 13th if you feel ready. The written Final will be the old-fashioned paper kind. Again, this will need to be done by the 13th/19th. Click here for the review Sheet

Portfolio Due Fri May 13 for Lucas,Wed May 18 for Makayla & Maddie

Be sure that you're finishing up your portfolio
Because of the unusual nature of our independent-study arrangement, and how little lime we have left, you do NOT have to include a photo-essay, a manipulation/composite image, or a collage- although, if you want to include them anyway, you'll get extra credit. Most of the images you'll include should be pictures you've taken already this year. Remember, you need to turn in actual prints- don't just post them on Flickr and include them in the Flickr-Group. Check this page,, for links to places you can get them done (including Walmart & HyVee).


If you don't get anything else from this class, I want you to be able to interpret meaning in other people's photos, and to be able to express meaning in your own. Before you go on to the analyzing and shooting assignments, please be sure you know what it means to invoke, evoke, and provoke; to help you, read this-

Analyze This

Take another look at some of the images in our text book and consider the meaning/expressive content in each of them. How does the photo make you feel? How do the people in the photo look like they must feel? What do you think the photographer is trying to say? What does this image say to you? What is it really about?
  • p.29 Susan Degres "The Observer and the Observed #1"
  • p.33 Henri Cartier-Bressen "Greece"
  • p.43 Marc PoKempner "Rev. Ike"
  • p. 46 Walter Looss "Ali vs. Terrell"
  • p.67 Paul D'Amato "Isela"
  • p.79 Jerome Liebling "Miami Beach"
  • p.101 Susan Meisela "Young Gawker"
  • p.131 Kenneth Josephson "Chicago"
  • p. 149 Loretta Lux "The Fish"
  • p.173 Dan Burkholder "Turtle in Church"
  • p. 180 Mark PoKempner "Down at Theresa's"
  • p.181 Santiago Harker "Norte de Santander"
  • p. 188 Jim Stone "Samm Running the Swings"
  • p.191 Larry Fink "Man Drinking"
  • p.192 Edward Weston "Pepper"
  • p.193 Warren Padula "Mouth"
  • p.197 Annie Lebovitz "Steve Martin"
  • p. 201 Walker Evens "Graveyard and Steel Mill"

Pick either two of these photos, or one of these and one from the "Saying Something" Flicker Galleries below for your last two Picture of the Week analysis papers. Pay special attention to what the story could be beyond the obvious picture on the surface. Concentrate on what mood the picture invokes, what associations it evokes and what questions it provokes. Be sure to get these to me by/before the 13th for Lucas and the 19th for Maddie & Makayla. Thanks!
external image pdf.png Photo_Evaluation.pdf

Shooting Assignments

  • Something Else- Shooting a picture of something that looks like something else, in other words, make one image an analogy for something other than what it is. Look at the pictures on page 93 in the book, or the "Things that look like something else Flickr gallery below to give you some ideas.
  • Tell a Story- Try taking a picture that deliberately tells a story, reveals a secret, or otherwise invokes, evokes, or provokes. Consider any of the pictures you reviewed in out textbook, or look through the "Saying Something" Flickr galleries for some ideas.
  • Mirror Shot- Simple, easy, fun: Shoot someone/something reflected in a mirror/window/water. Check out examples either in Mr. Mallory's Flickr set, or the gallery below.

    Like the Final, Ch. 9 Quiz, and Photo Analyses; these three pictures need to be uploaded to Flickr and included in the Class Group by or before 5/13 for Lucas and 5/19 for the Ladies.

Check out these great galleries full of powerfully expressive images

Chapt. 9 Vocab Terms

  • Balance
  • Contrast
  • Depth
  • Depth of field
  • Frame
  • Framing
  • Line
  • Meaning
  • Motion
  • Panning
  • Perspective
  • Texture
  • Time
  • Tone
  • Viewpoint